Squat Workout For Weight Loss

Squats are a great exercise to lose weight, and they’re also good for your overall health. Squats increase your muscle mass and help you burn fat, while strengthening your core and lower body.

You can do squats anywhere, but it’s best to use a barbell or dumbbells if you want to get the most out of them. The weight will help you practice proper form and build strength in your legs, glutes and abs.

Squats work all the muscles in your legs, including the quadriceps (front of thighs), hamstrings (back of thighs), glutes (buttocks) and calves. It also works the core muscles like abs, chest and back muscles. To keep good form during squats make sure that your knees don’t pass over your toes as you lower yourself down into a squat position.

Squat Workout For Weight Loss

woman squatting.

Exactly How to Use Squats to Lose Weight, Run Faster, and Reduce Back Pain

No matter what your body type, there’s a variation out there that can help you get stronger, fitter, and faster.

One of the best exercises is one people often botch. But not you, not anymore. We asked Kyle Dobbs, personal training manager at the Wright Fit gym in New York City, to share four ways to utilize the bread-and-butter exercise, whatever your workout intent.

If you want to lose weight: You need high volume to amp the muscle-building, fat-burning effect. Once or twice a week, perform six sets of five reps of a loaded squat (goblet or back) at 50 to 60 percent of max weight. (Choose a load that feels challenging by the third rep of each set.)

If you want to run faster: Build power with heavy front squats (75 percent of max weight), three to five sets of three to five reps. On other days, do Bulgarian split squats (a lunge in which your back leg is bent, foot on a bench), three sets of 10 per side. Do each once or twice weekly.

If you want to reduce back pain: As long as it’s cool with your doc, try slow and controlled front or box squats, three to five sets of five reps. Focus on stabilizing your hips and bracing your abs for each rep—they’re key to strengthening the muscles in your back

If you want to tone up: Back-loaded squats better challenge your posterior chain. Two or three times per week, perform three to five sets of six to 10 reps, at 60 to 70 percent of your max weight. Avoid bouncing and using momentum, and focus on squeezing your glutes with every rep.

Needless to say, squats should never be marketed as a one-size-fits-all exercise for every body type. “Nobody is anatomically perfect like Da Vinci’s diagrams,” says physical therapist and certified strength and conditioning specialist Mike Reinold, owner of Champion Physical Therapy and Performance in Boston. While you should play around with all types of squats, tweaking your form to accommodate your body’s restrictions, especially the build of your individual levers (a.k.a. your limbs), can make the move more suitable—and efficient—for you. Check out these eight variations:

Front (Or Goblet) Squat

01 squat

BETH BISCHOFF

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Best for: Long Torso
More upper body means you’re more likely to lean forward as you lower down. Holding a weight in front of you forces you to shift your own weight back (so you don’t fall over). It distributes the load equally between your glutes and hamstrings and your quads, making it a go-to among professionals.

Box Squat

02 squats for shorter legs

BETH BISCHOFF

Best for: Short Legs
Squatting to sit on the edge of a box or bench can ease you into a deeper stance than your legs will allow, and eliminate fear of injury. (The bench is there to support you.)

The Body Shop: Know Squat?

by Runner’s World USPlay Video

Banded Squat

03 banded squat

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Best for: Knee Valgus (when your knees rotate slightly inward)
Placing a looped resistance band around your thighs encourages you to assume a more parallel position. As the band pulls your knees in, your brain cues your hip muscles to work harder to counteract the movement.

Back Squat

04 short torso

BETH BISCHOFF

Best for: Short Torso
Holding a bar against your shoulders—particularly for those who are short to average height (5’4”)—better distributes weight to the posterior chain without overstressing your teeny lower back.

Sumo Squat

05 sumo squat

BETH BISCHOFF

Best for: Tight Hips
Separating your feet more than shoulder-width apart and turning your toes outward help isolate the posterior chain and inner thigh area—and the width opens up room for your pelvis to dip low.​

Sumo Squat

Heel-Elevated Squat

06 heel elevated squats

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Best for: Flat Feet
The lack of an arch makes throwing your weight into your heels rather difficult. Lifting your heels can help redistribute weight backward, where it belongs, making each rep more effective.

Toes-Out Squat

07 toes out

BETH BISCHOFF

Best for: Long Legs
Pointing your toes out to 45 degrees (not as extreme as a sumo stance) can give your hips more space to squat lower, as a lengthy lower half makes it tougher to get close to the ground. (Be sure to keep your knees aligned with your middle toe.)

Dumbell Squats

08 Dumbell squats

BETH BISCHOFF

Best for: Asymmetry
Holding a weight at each side as you lower into your squat helps you instantly spot and correct any side leaning: If one dumbbell is closer to the ground than the other, something is clearly off. Work on evening out the weights and, in turn, your body.

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